J Med Assoc Thai 2021; 104 (10):1729-38

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2019 Thai Guidelines on the Treatment of Hypertension: Executive Summary
Kunanon S , Chattranukulchai P , Chotruangnapa C , Kositanurit W , Methavigul K , Boonyasirinant T , Rawdaree P , Tejavanija S , Wataganara T , Satirapoj B , Roubsanthisuk W , Suwanwela NC , Sangwatanaroj S , Kunjara Na Ayudhya R , Sitthisook S , Sukonthasarn A Mail

The revision committee of the 2019 Thai Guidelines on the Treatment of Hypertension has reviewed new developments in the body of knowledge, together with the expertise in real-life clinical practice and evidence collected from clinical studies worldwide. The guidelines consist of newly highlighted key topics to ensure the guidelines remain up to date, user friendly, and suitable for the country’s context. The guidelines still maintain the current office blood pressure (BP) cut-off point of 140/90 mmHg for the diagnosis of hypertension. The use of out-of-office BP measurements, including home BP monitoring (HBPM) or ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), is also advocated to confirm the diagnosis of hypertension. Target BP levels depend on the age of the patients, such as 120 to 130/70 to 79 mmHg for patients aged 18 to 65 years old, or 130 to 139/70 to 79 mmHg for patients over 65 years of age. There are five main groups of antihypertensive medication, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and thiazides or thiazide-like diuretics. Two types of medications should be started for most patients, except for frail elderly patients, patients with a relatively low initial BP of 140 to 149/90 to 99 mmHg, and low-risk patients, in which only one type of starting medication should be selected. Medication that involves a combination of two types in one pill should ideally be selected.

Keywords: Hypertension; Guidelines; Thailand

DOI: doi.org/10.35755/jmedassocthai.2021.10.12199

Received 25 May 2021 | Revised 7 July 2021 | Accepted 12 July 2021


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