J Med Assoc Thai 2005; 88 (9):1302

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Round Cell Liposarcoma of Scrotum with Indolent Course in Young Adult
Thanakit V Mail, Nelson SD , Udomsawaengsup S

Myxoid/Round cell liposarcoma accounts for one-half of all liposarcomas and occurs as the second most common subtype. Both myxoid and round cell types share clinical, histological features and are accepted to represent a spectrum of lesions ranging from pure myxoid to near completely round cell liposarcoma. Round cell liposarcoma is highly metastatic and is classified as high grade and poorly differentiated myxoid sarcoma. Typical non-round cell myxoid liposarcoma is less metastatic and has more favorable prognosis. Karyotypic study of myxoid and round cell liposarcomas reveal a characteristic reciprocal translocation t (12;16)(q13;p11) resulting in the fusion of CHOP gene with TLS gene in more than 90% of cases. Most masses within the scrotal sac arise from the testis proper, and less likely from the extratesticular tissue. Liposarcoma
represents approximately 20% of malignant extratesticular neoplasms, with the well differentiated subtype being the most common. Myxoid/round cell liposarcoma and round cell liposarcoma are rarely encounter in extratesticular soft tissue. We reported a rare case of round cell liposarcoma (high grade myxoid liposarcoma) of extratesticular tissue. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a large size (> 5cm) round cell liposarcoma arising from soft tissue within the scrotal sac of young adult with indolent course. Simple excision or enucleation
are inadequate therapies and wide excision of the hemiscrotum including inguinal soft tissue and nodes is recommended. The role of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial.

Keywords: Round cell liposarcoma, Scrotum, Young adult, Indolent course

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