J Med Assoc Thai 2009; 92 (12):1

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Drinking Behavior among Female High School Students in Central Thailand
Chaveepojnkamjorn W Mail, Pichainarong N

Objective: To study the drinking behavior and factors associated with drinking among female High School
students in central Thailand.

Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 6,176 female students from central Thailand,
who were classified into 2 groups according to their alcohol drinking practices in the past year (yes = 612,
no = 5,564). Information was collected by an anonymous self-reporting questionnaire which consisted of
2 parts: socio-demographic factors, and alcohol drinking behavior during the past year from December 2007
to February 2008. Descriptive statistics, a chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used to
analyze the data.

Results: Of all these respondents 9.91% admitted to drinking alcohol. Most of the students were 15 years old
or younger (61.80%). Univariate analysis revealed that socio-demographic factors such as age, educational
level, residence, grade point average (GPA), having a job for earning money, and having family members with
alcohol or drug problems were significantly associated with the student alcohol drinking (p < 0.05). Multiple
logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, showed that only four factors were associated with
alcohol consumption: the educational level (OR mathayomsuksa 5 = 3.39, 95% CI = 1.55-7.41; OR
mathayomsuksa 3 = 2.29, 95% CI = 1.71-3.09), residence in a private dormitory (OR = 3.32, 95% CI = 1.01-
10.27) and family members with alcohol or drug problems (OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.43-2.08), and a GPA
greater than 3 (OR = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.58-0.86) (p < 0.05). The following for drinking practices were
considered as inappropriate drinking behavior (20% drank over 2 times a month, 40% drank greater than 2
standard drinks each time, nearly 47% had experienced binge drinking, and one third had experienced

Conclusion: The results suggested that preventive measures for alcohol abuse among female high school
students should consider the educational level, residence within a private dormitory and family members with
alcohol or drug problems. Continuous insistence regarding the disadvantages of alcohol to risk groups
would reduce the proportion of new and current drinkers.

Drinking behavior, Female high school students, Central Thailand

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