J Med Assoc Thai 2009; 92 (12):8

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Factors Influencing Life Happiness among Elderly Female in Rayong Province, Thailand
Nanthamongkolchai S Mail, Tuntichaivanit C , Munsawaengsub C , Charupoonphol P

Objective: To study the factors influencing life happiness of elderly female in Rayong province ,Thailand.

Material and Method:
A cross-sectional survey research was conducted among 233 elderly female aged
between 60-80 years using multi-stage random sampling. The data were collected from June 6th to July 31st
2008 by interviewing questionnaires. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, Pearson’s product
moment correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.

Results: About half (50.2%) of the elderly female had moderate level of life happiness, followed by low level
(27.1%) and high level (22.7%). The factors which significantly influenced the life happiness of the elderly
female were self-esteem, social support, and family relationships (p < 0.05). In addition, self-esteem, social
support, and family relationships could significantly predict life happiness of the elderly female by 91.4%.
Self-esteem had the highest predictive power of life happiness among elderly female.

Conclusion: The important factors influencing life happiness of elderly female were self-esteem, social
support, and family relationships. To promote life happiness of elderly female, responsible organizations
should establish activities that enhance the elderly female’s self-esteem, provide sufficient social support, and
promote good family relationships.

Keywords:
Happiness, Female elderly, Self-esteem, Social support, Family relationship

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