J Med Assoc Thai 2009; 92 (12):54

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Quality of Life and Health Promoting Behaviors among Disabled People in Two Provinces of Thailand
Taechaboonsermsak P Mail, Pitikultang S , Munsawaengsub C , Charupoonphol P

Objective: To examine health behaviors and quality of life among disabled people in two provinces of
Thailand.

Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 5,352 disabled people selected by multistage
cluster sampling from Chiang Mai and Nakhon Ratchasima provinces during April to June 2008. The WHOQOLBREF-
THAI and health promoting behavior scales were used to measure QOL and health behavior.

Results: Among the health promoting behaviors, exercise and health responsibility of the disabled people
were mostly at the ‘need to improve’ level (46.6 and 52.8%), while their nutritional behavior and stress
management level were mostly at the ‘good’ level (80.8 and 43.8%). Overall quality of life was mostly at
the ‘moderate’ level (79.3%). Exercise and stress management were found to have a significant positive
relationship with the quality of life at low level (r = 0.18, r = 0.12) at p < 0.01.

Conclusion: The results indicated that person who had health promoting behaviors by exercise and appropriate
stress management had a good QOL. Encouraging of family and health authority support in exercise and
stress management may help them having a good QOL.

Keywords: Quality of life, Health promoting behavior, Disabled people

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