J Med Assoc Thai 2021; 104 (10):1590-6

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Using the Readiness Concept and Pender’s Health Promotion Model to Predict the Preparation Behavior towards Healthy Aging of Menopausal Women in the Northern Region of Thailand
Pangsiri M Mail, Wanaratwichit C , Khamja P

Objective: To predict the effects of the preparation behavior toward healthy aging for menopausal women in the northern region of Thailand.

Materials and Methods: Three hundred three menopausal women, aged 45 to 59 years old domiciled in the northern region of Thailand, were included in this study. The prediction research design methodology is used to describe the collection and analysis of the quantitative data. The questionnaire is based on the readiness of postmenopausal women toward healthy aging and includes physical, mental, social, and environmental health. After being selected, the relational variables and quantitative data of the menopausal women was analyzed with the power to predict factors resulted using multiple stepwise regression analysis.

Results: Using multiple regression coefficients, factors affecting the preparation of menopausal women toward healthy aging were found to have variables that contributed to predicting the readiness behaviors of menopausal women. They were sorted according to the ability to explain the predictive power of health preparedness behavior from the selected variables into the descending analysis as family support, community support, income, self-efficacy, good attitudes for aging, medical and public health services, marital status as widowed or abandoned, and leadership roles. The variables were able to predict the preparation for healthy aging behaviors of menopausal women at 63.9%.

Conclusion: Menopausal women need support and assistance in the preparation process toward healthy aging according to predictable variables, which is a concrete form of activity.

Keywords: Menopausal women; The preparation behavior; Healthy aging; The readiness concept

DOI: doi.org/10.35755/jmedassocthai.2021.10.12680

Received 23 March 2021 | Revised 17 August 2021 | Accepted 20 August 2021

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