J Med Assoc Thai 2023; 106 (5):451-9

Views: 487 | Downloads: 41 | Responses: 0

PDF XML Respond to this article Print Alert & updates Request permissions Email to a friend

Efficacy and Safety Compared between Chlorthalidone and Hydrochlorothiazide for Reducing Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure in Patients with Mild-to- Moderate Hypertension: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Krittayaphong R Mail, Jamnongprasatporn S , Roubsanthisuk W , Kunanon S , Chotruangnapa C , Sairat P

Objective: Hypertension is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and blood pressure (BP) control is shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide for reducing systolic and diastolic BP in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension.

Materials and Methods: The present study was a randomized clinical trial. Patients 18 years or older with mild-to-moderate hypertension with or without prior antihypertensive medications were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to the chlorthalidone or hydrochlorothiazide group. The dose of study medication could be up-titrated at the 6-week. The primary outcomes were the reduction in systolic and diastolic BP, the rate of office BP control at 12 weeks, and the rate of adverse events.

Results: Fifty-six patients (mean age of 49.8±11.1 years) and 42.9% male, were included. Forty-three patients (76.8%) had known hypertension. Mean sitting office systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) at baseline was 153.2±9.6 and 91.8±9.2 mmHg, respectively. The average daily dose of chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide was 16.1±5.8 and 32.4±11.6 mg. The mean reduction in SBP in the chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide groups was 28.7±12.2 and 22.8±13.7 mmHg (p=0.118), and DBP was 14.4±7.5 and 9.1±6.6 mmHg (p=0.011), respectively. The rate of office BP control was significantly greater in the chlorthalidone group at 91.7% versus 61.5% (p=0.013). There was no significant difference in the rate of adverse events between the groups.

Conclusion: Chlorthalidone was shown to be more effective than hydrochlorothiazide for office BP control. There was no difference in adverse events. Trial registration: The trial had been registered with the Thai Clinical Trials Registry (TCTR) which complied with WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform dataset. The registration number was TCTR20191006002 (06/10/2019).

Keywords: Efficacy; Safety; Chlorthalidone; Hydrochlorothiazide; Reducing; Systolic and diastolic blood pressure; Patients with mild to moderate hypertension

DOI: 10.35755/jmedassocthai.2023.05.13768

Received 31 January 2023 | Revised 10 March 2023 | Accepted 14 March 2023

Download: PDF