J Med Assoc Thai 2011; 94 (12):153

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Antibacterial Activity of Crude Extracts of Prasaprohyai Formula and Its Components against Pathogenic Bacteria
Sattaponpan C Mail, Kondo S

Background: Prasaprohyai formula is a Thai Traditional Medicine which has been used for reducing feverish in child. Fever is a symptom resulting from various infections and diseases. The major cause of fever is bacterial and viral infections. The Prasaprohyai formula and its components potentially have biological activities including antipyretic and antimicrobial activities. It is in a hope to develop the formula and its components for an alternative medicine of infectious diseases.
Objective: To study antibacterial activity of Prasaprohyai formula and its components against pathogenic bacteria.
Material and Method: Prasaprohyai formula and its components were extracted by different methods, A: maceration with 95% ethanol followed by evaporation (ET), B: ET followed by freeze drying (EF) and C: water distillation (VO). All extracts were tested against clinical isolates from Thammasat University Hospital, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. Disk diffusion and broth dilution methods were performed.
Results: Crude extracts of ET had higher yield of extraction than other methods. The results showed that the crude extract from different methods of Syzygium aromaticum (Linn) Merr & Perry (Flower) was effective against all bacterial strains with the inhibition zone ranging from 9 to 19 mm. The VO extract of Prasaprohyai formula showed antibacterial activity against most of the pathogenic bacteria in the present study. The activity against Streptococcus pyogenes was found in the VO extract of some components. The ET extracts of Lepidium sativum Linn, Myristica fragrans Houtt (seed) and Myristica fragrans Houtt (aril) had no antibacterial activity against all microorganism. However, the EF extracts of this formula and some components were able to mostly inhibit Gram positive bacteria.
Conclusion: The results indicated that Prasaprohyai formula and its components were able to inhibit the growth of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria including multiresistant strains. The volatile oil extracts seemed to play an important role in antimicrobial activities. The development of Prasaprohyai formula for alternative medicine will be approached in future.

Keywords: Prasaprohyai formula and its components, Antibacterial activity, Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Acinetobacter baumanii, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes

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