J Med Assoc Thai 2011; 94 (12):198

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Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis in Immunized Thai Children
Khusiwilai K Mail, Viravan S

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with high mortality and poor prognosis. This is caused by persistent defective measles virus infection. Clinical presentations are variable including behavioral-cognitive change, myoclonic seizure, visual problem, spasticity or abnormal movement. The authors report a case of 10 year-old boy, previously healthy with complete immunization, presenting with frequent myoclonic jerks, abnormal movements, spasticity and altered mental status. Electroencephalographic (EEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and laboratory findings are typical for SSPE.

Keyword: SSPE, Measles, Vaccine, Subclinical infection

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