J Med Assoc Thai 1997; 80 (5):275

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Laparoscopic Transperitoneal Lumbar Sympathectomy A New Approach
Wattanasirichaigoon S Mail, Ngaorungsri U , Wanishayathanakorn A , Hutachoke T , Chulakamontri T

A report of five sympathectomies for the treatment of vasospastic symptoms of coldness,
rest pain and trophic lesions at the affected feet. Three patients had a right-sided sympathectomy
done and the other two had left-sided done via laparoscopic surgery. This report has advocated
original techniques : Under general anesthesia, a patient is put into a lateral position with the table
broken between the ribs and iliac crest. The telescope port is inserted horizontally at the edge of the
rectus sheath in line with the umbilicus. Two secondary ports (5 mm, 10 mm) are inserted under
direct vision in the midclavicular line. The peritoneal reflection lateral to the colon is incised
down to the pelvic brim. The use of the lateral position facilitates medial displacement of the
colon and the kidney by virtue of gravity. The L2
, L3
, L4 sympathetic ganglia are then doubly
clipped and divided between clips. When such a small piece of the sympathetic trunk has been
removed, a laparoscopic transperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy should be a very reasonable, safe,
minimally invasive alternative to the traditional operation.

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