J Med Assoc Thai 1998; 81 (7):506

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Perinatal-Neonatal and Weight Specific Neonatal Mortality in Thailand in 1996 and Comparison with 1976 and 1986 : A Hospital Based Study
Ratrisawadi V Mail, Horpaopan S , Chotigeat U , Sangtawesin V , Kanjanapattanakul W , Chinayon P

The study on perinatal mortality, neonatal mortality and weight specific death rate of
neonatal infants born at Rajavithi Hospital in 1996 was carried out and compared with the rates
of 1976 and 1986. It was found that in 1996 the total number of births was 15613 with 106
stillbirths. The perinatal mortality rate was 9.09 per 1000 births and neonatal mortality rate was
2.90 per 1000 live births. Reduction in perinatal and neonatal mortality rates from 1976 and 1986
to 1996 was observed. The neonatal mortality rate was close to the rate of developed countries
but not the perinatal mortality rate. The weight specific neonatal mortality in 1996 was reduced
from 1986 and 1976 in all weight groups. It is concluded that the neonatal mortality rate in 1996
was improved because of effective neonatal care. To reduce the low birth weight infant rate
by means of an effective family planning program and antenatal care may improve the perinatal
mortality rate at Rajavithi Hospital.

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