J Med Assoc Thai 1999; 82 (9):855

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Dietary Intake of Phytate, Zinc and Calcium of Self-Selected Diets of Ubon Ratchathani and Bangkok Subjects, Thailand
Nititham S Mail, Srianujata S , Rujirawat T

The dietaty intakes of phytate, zinc and calcium of volunteers in Ubon Ratchathani
(northeast Thailand) and Bangkok metropolitan were studied. The selected subjects were I 0 men
and 10 women from each area. The daily diets were collected for 5 consecutive days using
duplicate portion technique. The diets were blended, aliquoted, mixed, freeze-dried and homogenized.
Phytate was analysed by using ion exchange coupled with colorimetric method. Zinc and
calcium were analysed by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The total intakes of phytate
were 1104.8 ± 965.2 and 1139.3 ± 481.1 mg/day for males and females in Ubon Ratchathani,
1304.7 ± 956.2 and 997.1 ± 435.1 mg/day for males and females in Bangkok. The zinc intakes
were 20.0 ± 8.8, 12.7 ± 4.6, 7.7 ± 1.8 and 6.1 ± 1.2 mg/day for males and females in Ubon Ratchathani
and for males and females in Bangkok, respectively. The calcium intakes were 524.6 ±
259.9, 379.9 ± 111.4 for males and females in Ubon Ratchathani and 366.5 ± 150.5, 286.7 ± 68.7
mg/day for males and females in Bangkok. The calculated phytate/zinc molar ratios were 7.5. 3.9
for males and females in Ubon Ratchathani and 16.2 and 17.5 for males and females in Bangkok
This study indicated that subjects from Bangkok have a phytate/zinc ratio higher than those in
Ubon Ratchathani and higher than 12. This may effect the availability of some micronutrients such
as zinc, calcium and iron. The daily intakes of zinc and calcuim in these two groups were low
compared to Thai RDA.
Key word : Phytate, Zinc, Calcium, Diet, Thailand

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