J Med Assoc Thai 2000; 83 (2):107

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0125-2208 Ophthalmology in Thailand 1997
Jenchitr WT Mail, Tansirikongkol V

This article is a brief history of ophthalmology in Thailand after World War II and the
National Programmes for the Prevention of Blindness in the past two decades from the late 1970's.
Presentation illustrates the efforts of the eye sector in Thailand not only modernizing ophthal-
mology. However, eye care services in public places has also been made available to all assured
with easy accessibility and acceptable quality. The National Blindness Prevention programmes
have been forwarded through adoption of primary eye care approach integrating into the national
health scheme of primary health care. Avoidable blindness once prevalent in 1980's, has been
reduced from 1.1 per cent to 0.3 per cent in twenty years. Eye care networks that came into exis-
tence in that period covering the whole country are now once again under realignment for new
challenges from unavoidable types of blindness.
Key word : Primary Eye Care, Primary Health Care, Avoidable Blindness, Unavoidable Blindness

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