J Med Assoc Thai 2000; 83 (11):66

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Screening for Mutations in Exon 4 of the LDL Receptor Gene in Thai Subjects with Primary Hypercholesterolemia: Detection of a Novel Mutation D151 Y by PCR-CFLP
Pongrapeeporn KS Mail, Sutthikhwn V , Likidilid A , Poldee S , Futrakul A , Yamwong P , Amornrattana A , OngAjyooth S

A mutation in low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene causes an autosomal codo-
minant disorder namely familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Mutations in the LDL receptor gene
are very heterogeneous at the DNA levels, occurring in all 18 exons of the gene. However, exon 4
has been found to be the hot spot for mutational events. In this study DNA from 45 Thai subjects
with primary hypercholesterolemia was screened for mutations in the hot spot exon 4. The DNA
samples were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and screened for mutation by
Cleavase Fragment Length Polymorphism (CFLP) technique. Identification of mutation was per-
formed by direct sequencing of PCR product. From this screening, one female patient was found
to be heterozygous for a novel mutation which was due to a G to T transversion at nucleotide
514. This transversion would change the species-conserved amino acid at codon 151 from charged
R group aspatic (QAC) to uncharged R group tyrosine (I A C), termed D 151 Y. From the same
screening strategy, we found that this mutation was absent in 33 healthy normolipidemic subjects.
In this index subject, Arg 3500 Gin m*1tation in apo B-100 gene, causing hypercholesterolemia
namely familial defective apo B-100 (FDB), was not found. Therefore, hypercholesterolemia in
this index subject was possibly caused by the D 151 Y mutation in the LDL receptor gene.
Key word : Hypercholesterolemia, LDL Receptor Gene, Mutation

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