J Med Assoc Thai 2002; 85 (11):1176

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Double Phototherapy in Jaundiced Term Infants with Hemolysis
Thaithumyanon P Mail, Visutiratmanee C

PIMOLRA T THAITHUMYANON, M.D.*,
CHAIY A VISUTIRATMANEE, M.D.*
Objective
: To compare the efficacy of double phototherapy and conventional phototherapy
in term newborn infants with hemolytic jaundice.
Method
: Full-term infants with evidence of severe hemolysis on the peripheral blood smear,
whose serum bilirubin levels were between 15-21 mg/dl were divided into 2 groups, depending on
the availability of the phototherapy bed. Group 1 infants received double phototherapy consisting of
conventional (single) phototherapy plus an extra light source from a phototherapy bed (Medela
BillibedTM, Switzerland). Group 2 infants received only conventional phototherapy. Maternal and
infants' blood groups and Rh, direct Coomb's test, G6PD screening test and hematocrit were deter-
mined on every infant. Phototherapy was given until the serum bilirubin level dropped to$ 13 mg/dl.
Exchange transfusion was indicated when the serum bilirubin level was
2::
21 mg/dl after phototherapy
had been given for 4-6 hours.
Results
:There were 110 infants included in this study, 62 and 48 in group1 and 2 respec-
tively. There was no statistical difference in terms of birth weight, sex ratio, proportion of breast feed-
ing infants and the initial hematocrit level. However, the initial mean
เธ‘
SD of bilirubin level of group
l infants was higher than that of group 2, (17.7
เธ‘
1.6 mg/dl
vs
16.2
เธ‘
0.9 mg/dl, p
<
0.001). Causes
of hemolysis could
be
determined in 74 infants; 27 (24.5%), 39 (35.5%) and 8 (7.3%) infants had
ABO incompatibility, G6PD deficiency and both ABO incompatibility and G6PD deficiency respec-
tively. Rate of bilirubin reduction in group l infants was significantly faster, (3.3
เธ‘
2.4 mg/dl/24 h
vs
2.1
เธ‘ l.l
mg/dl/24 h, p
<
0.0
l
).
Duration of phototherapy was also shorter in group l infants, (45.8
เธ‘
29.7 hours
vs
58.5
เธ‘
26.0 hours, p
<
0.05).
Four infants failed to respond to the phototherapy that was assigned. Two infants in group
2 had to be switched to receive double phototherapy because of rapid rising of serum bilirubin. One
in each group needed exchange transfusion.
Vol. 85 No. 11
DOUBLE PHOTOTHERAPY IN JAUNDICED TERM INFANTS WITH HEMOLYSIS
1177
Conclusion : The study demonstrated that double phototherapy is more efficient than con-
ventional phototherapy in term infants with severe jaundice caused by hemolysis.
Key word : Full-Term Infant, Jaundice, Hemolysis, Bilirubin, Double Phototherapy, Single or Con-
ventional Phototherapy

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