J Med Assoc Thai 2013; 96 (12):107

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Condom Use among Male Migrant Workers in Dry Zone, Myanmar
Min Oo Z Mail, Pitikultang S , Nanthamongkolchai S

Objective: To study the factors associated with condom use among male Myanmar migrant workers in Pakokku, Myanmar.
Material and Method: This cross-sectional study used two stages cluster sampling with probability proportional to size (PPS) method to collect samples. During 1-14 February 2010, 324 male Myanmar migrant workers between 18 and 60 years of age were asked to complete face-to-face structured interview on knowledge, perception, cues to action, peer influence and sexual behaviors. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and Fishers exact test.
Results: Results revealed that 71.0 percent of respondents were under young and middle adult age and 66.7 percent were married. It showed that 11.1 percent of the respondents used condom regularly with spouse or girl friends or sex workers during the past year. There were associations between age (p = 0.006), marital status (p<0.001), educational level (p = 0.014), monthly income (p = 0.015), level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS (p = 0.017), perceived susceptibility of getting HIV/AIDS (p = 0.024) and condom use. No associations were noted between occupation, duration of career, duration of each trip, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, cues to action, peer influence and condom use.
Conclusion: With low proportion of regular condom use among study group, behavior change, communication interventions and strengthening of the 100.0% Targeted Condom Promotion Project are recommended to promote perception and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and condom use among male migrant workers.

Keywords: Migrant workers, Condom use, HIV/AIDS

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